Kunaeva Rauza Minliakhmedovna
doctor of biological sciences, professor (1934 year of birth)
Kunaeva Rauza Minliakhmedovna is a major Kazakh scientist, a specialist in the field of plant biochemistry and Enzymology of the metabolism of natural compounds.
Kunaeva R.M. was born on may 25, 1934 in Alma-Ata. In 1952, after graduating from high school №36 Alma-Ata, she entered the faculty of biological soil sphere of M.V. Lomonosov Moscow state University, which she graduated with a degree in Plant Physiology.
Labor activity Rauza Minliakhmedovna was beginning in the laboratory of biochemistry of plants, Institute of botany, Academy of Sciences of Kazakh SSR under the leadership of corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of KazSSR L.K. Klyshev in 1957. Over here began her scientific career as a senior laboratory assistant. Then she consistently held positions from junior to senior researcher. In 1981 she organized and was appointed the first head of the laboratory of enzymology of exchange of natural compounds, which she managed until 2009.
The result of productive scientific research R.M. Kunaeva were defending her thesis on the “Biochemistry of maturation and storage of standard varieties of apples Alma-Ata fruit zone” (1964) and doctoral dissertation on “Hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes exchange phenolic compounds of plants” (1984). The results of the thesis, defended at the Institute of biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek SSR (Tashkent), formed the basis of her published in 1986 of the monograph “Hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes in the metabolism of phenolic compounds of plants”. In 1992 she was awarded the title of Professor.
Since the mid-1980s, the laboratory, headed by R.M. Kunaeva, systematically expanded the range of problems in the metabolism of phenolic compounds and the establishment of their functional and applied significance. As a result, the laboratory has grown into a unique and recognized by the scientific community center for the study of the structure, properties and regulation of hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes of phenolic compounds of plants in Kazakhstan. Throughout its activity, the laboratory had close ties with well-known scientific centers: K.A. Timiryazev Institute of plant physiology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Department of chemical Enzymology, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow state University, Institute of biochemistry of the Georgian Academy of Sciences, agricultural agronomic center Bet Dagan (Israel) and others.
Since the 2000s, a new activity of the laboratory has been specific signal molecules, their interaction with cellular protein receptors, as well as the identification, biochemical characteristics of protective proteins and the establishment of their role in improving the stability of agricultural plants. In this regard, in 2009 the laboratory was renamed the laboratory of plant signal systems.
Recognition of the scientific school of Rauza Minliakhmedovna in the field of metabolism of phenolic compounds contributed to the international Symposium “Prospects of Bioorganic chemistry and molecular biology” in Almaty. The results of her research were presented at 7 international scientific forums (Dresden, 1978; Edinburgh, 1981; Brussels, 1983; Moscow, 1984; Amsterdam, 1985; West Berlin, 1986; Rome, 1989), the Federation of European Biochemical Societies (FEBO), as well as many all-Union, national and international conferences and forums.
Kunaeva R.M. is author of about 400 scientific works, including 3 monographs, has 8 copyright certificates, 2 patents of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 4 innovative patents of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Under her leadership, 8 PhD theses were defended.
Kunaeva R.M. is a major organizer of biological science in Kazakhstan. She was the Chairman and active personality of Kazakh branch of the all-Union biochemical society, Chairman of the special Council for the defense of PhD theses at the Institute of molecular biology and biochemistry of the Kazakh SSR; member of the special Council at the Institute of biochemistry of the Uzbek SSR; member of the interdepartmental scientific and technical Council on physical and chemical biology and biotechnology at the Presidium of the Kazakh SSR; member of the expert Council on biological sciences at the Higher certifying Commission of the Republic of Kazakhstan, member of the Scientific and technical Council at National center of biotechnology of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Deputy Chairman of the dissertation Council for doctoral theses at M. Aitkhozhin Institute of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry.
Scientific merits Kunaeva R.M. were marked silver medal of the International exhibition in Brussels (1993), diploma of the 2nd degree of Exhibitions of achievements of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan (1992), the honorary sign “Inventor of the USSR” (1989), as well as several Diplomas.