The core of the Science Schools are always the teams and it so happened in science that each of them bears the name of its founder and teacher. Currently, M.Aitkhozhin Institute of molecular biology and biochemistry successfully continues to develop the previously established areas of five scientific schools:
- The School of M. Aitkhozhin, Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR, Lenin Prize laureate – founder of molecular biology in Kazakhstan (he was a student of Alexander Sergeevich Spirin, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Lenin Prize laureate, Director of the Institute of protein of the Russian Academy of Sciences). The main direction of scientific activity of the school is related with “Protein biosynthesis and the molecular basis of its regulation”. At present, this direction is being actively developed and supported by the Laboratory of Protein and Nucleic Acids (Head of the Laboratory Bulat Iskakov, Doctor of Biological Sciences). Professor Iskakov is a successor of M. Aitkhozhin’s scientific school in the field of studying molecular mechanisms and regulation of protein biosynthesis in plants and prepared students: S. Zhanybekova Ph.D., R. Akbergenov Ph.D., S. Shaikhin Ph.D., A. Zhigailov Ph.D. In addition, Bulat Iskakov is the founder of the Kazakhstan Scientific School in the field of genetic engineering of plants to improve their resistance to phytopathogenic viruses and abiotic environmental factors. The following scientists have been prepared in this area: O. Karpova Ph.D., A. Nizkorodova Ph.D., R. Kryldakov Ph.D.
- The School of N. Aitkhozhina, Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan – founder of molecular genetics and molecular medicine in Kazakhstan (she was a student of Georgiev Georgy Pavlovich, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Lenin Prize laureate, Director of the Institute of Gene Biology of the Russian Academy of Sciences). The main directon of scientific activity of the school is related with “Human genome, Ethno- and paleogenomics”, “Molecular medicine”, “Plant genome”, regulation of gene activity, gene diagnostics, molecular basis of hereditary and gene-mediated diseases. A team of employees that continues to develop these areas at the present time is working at IMBB and other research centers, research institutes of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
- The School of biochemist – Lukpan Klyshev, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of Kazakh SSR. The main direction of scientific activity of the school is related with “Metabolism of secondary compounds in plants, enzymology of their metabolism and regulation”.
- The School of Anatoliy Beklemishev, Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR – the main direction of scientific activity of the school is related with “Experimental and clinical allergology and immunology”. The molecular immunology and immunobiotechnology direction was organized at IMBB under the guidance of professor Nikolay Belyaev, who was a student of Anatoliy Currently, the traditions of the school are supported and developed by the Laboratory of Molecular Immunology and Immunobiotechnology (Acting Head of the Laboratory, Raikhan Tleuliyeva Ph.D.).
The School of professor Yuriy Peruanskiy – one of the founders of biochemistry, physiology and biotechnology of agricultural plants. The main direction of scientific activity of the school in the field of “Biochemical foundations for increasing the productivity of grain crops” continues by the Laboratory of Biochemistry of Grain Crops (Head of the Laboratory, Aidar Khakimzhanov Ph.D.).