23.04.1942 – 23.09.2014
Today, on April 23, 2022, Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan Murat Kurmashevich Gilmanov would have turned 80 years old.
M.K. Gilmanov was born on April 23, 1942 in Osh city, Kyrgyzstan.
He was a Graduate of the Biology Faculty of the Kazakh State University named after C.M. Kirov (1959-1964). He was a postgraduate student at the A.N. Bach Institute of Biochemistry (Moscow) between 1965 and 1968 years.
In 1969 he defended his PhD thesis on “Comparative study of NAD- and NADP-specific maize glutamate dehydrogenases and malate dehydrogenases”.
In 1990 he defended his doctoral dissertation “Characterization and regulation of oxidoreductases catalyzing the interconversions of glutamate and 2-oxoglutarate in cereals.”
In 1992, Gilmanov was awarded the title of professor, in 1995 he was elected a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in 2004 a full member (academician) of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Gilmanov M.K. worked in the laboratory of biochemistry of the Institute of Botany, as a senior laboratory assistant, junior researcher, senior researcher between 1968 and 1983 years.
In 1983, he headed the laboratory of the structure and regulation of enzymes at the Institute of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, where he worked until 2014. Under his leadership, fundamental research was carried out in the field of biochemistry of nitrogen metabolism in plants, cell biology, hormonal signal transduction and enzyme engineering, technologies for obtaining enzymes and bioregulators, drug transport systems were developed. Gilmanov and his scientific school have priority in establishing the structure and functions of subcellular organelles of a plant cell – spherosomes.
There were published more than 260 scientific papers by Gilmanov M.K, including 3 monographs and 5 textbooks for high school. His scientific works were presented at international scientific forums in Europe, Asia and America. Gilmanov’s developments were protected by 28 certificates for inventions and patents, repeatedly exhibited at international exhibitions. One of them was awarded the silver medal of VDNKh of the USSR.
Murat Kurmashevich Gilmanov also made a great contribution to science as a mentor, under whose guidance 13 candidate and 1 doctoral dissertations were defended. He gave special courses on biochemistry and nanotechnology to students of al-Farabi Kazakh National university, and also popularized scientific knowledge among the general population by lecturing and speaking on television.